Operations List

William Young's Crew

 

Operations List

 

26 Mar 1944 - Essen

 

Pilot Bill Young and Navigator Frank Wareham flew on this mission with experienced crews to get a feel of flying operationally before they went up on their own as a green crew. Bill flew with P/O R.T.H. Manning in ND698 KM-G and Frank with S/Ldr S.L. Cockbain in ND515 KM-Z.

 

ORB

ORB

 

 

 

 

The raid itself was successful with the sudden switch from deep lying targets in the Battle of Berlin to the Ruhr town of Essen throwing off the night fighter force. Essen was covered by cloud but Oboe Mosquitos marked the target well.

 

30 Mar 1944 - Nuremberg

 

This raid was a major failure for Bomber Command and worse single raid losses for the RAF of WWII, 95 aircraft, 11.9% of the force and the deaths of 545 airmen. The raid, and the various cock ups made before and during it are the subject of a lot of discussion still and a number of books including the definitive one by Martin Middlebrook. See also a recent Daily Mail article published on the 70th Anniversary of the raid here.

 

Bob Routledge's Log Book notes "Hit by incendiary bomb in starboard wing. Attacked by JU88" - Bob Routledge's Log Book.

ORB

 

5 Apr 1944 - Toulouse

 

Successful attack on an aircraft factory at Toulouse. KM-T suffered some flak damage and the Squadron ORB states "Starboard tyre punctured on landing. Internal screening over H2S blasted off by explosion. Fabric on starboard side of fuselage slightly damaged."

 

Bob Routledge's Log Book notes "starboard tyre burst" and "diverted to Wing" - Bob Routledge's Log Book.

ME699 returned to Dunholme Lodge on the 7th April.

 

ORB

 

 

10 Apr 1944 - Tours

 

Successful attack on a railway target at Tours inflicting heavy damage.

 

ORB

 

 

11 Apr 1944 - Aachen

 

This was Aachen's most serious raid of the war. This raid was accurate and caused widespread damage and fires in the centre and in the southern part of the town, particularly in the suburb of Burtscheid.

 

 

 

18 Apr 1944- Juvisy, Paris

 

An attack on railway targets at Juvisy. The attack appeared to be completely successful. According to squadron records KM-T suffered some flak damage although Bob Routledge's Logbook does not mention any.

 

ORB

 

 

1 May 1944 - Toulouse

 

Successful attack on an aircraft assembly factory and an explosives factory at Toulouse.

 

ORB

 

3 May 1944 - Mailly le Camps

 

Attack on a German military camp situated close to the French village of Mailly. 42 aircraft were lost, 11.6% of the force, after a mix up in radio communictions led to the force circling the target awaiting the order to attack.

 

ORB

 

 

7 May 1944 - Salbris

 

Successful attack on an ammunition dump at Salbris. See the RAF Bomber Command History site for a picture of the damage caused.

 

ORB

 

 

9 May 1944 - Gennevilliers, Paris

 

Attack on the Gnome & Rhone factory at Gennevilliers and another factory nearby.

 

ORB

 

 

11 May 1944 - Bourg Léopold

 

Attack on a large military camp at Bourg Léopold in Belgium. 94 of 190 aircraft attacked including KM-T before the raid was abandoned for fear of hitting the nearby civilian housing. Note that F/Sgt Young has been promoted to P/O Young.

 

ORB

 

 

19 May 1944 - Amiens - not attacked

 

Attack on a railway target at Amiens was abandoned due to cloud cover. KM-T ordered to return to base when over the target.

 

ORB

 

 

21 May 1944 - "Gardening"

 

Mine laying in Kiel Bay (code name "Forget-me-not").

 

A description of what Gardening was all about can be found at the Bomber Crew site.

 

ORB

 

 

22 May 1944 - Brunswick

 

Attack on Brunswick was a failure. The weather forecast had predicted a clear target but the marker aircraft found a complete covering of cloud and bombing was inaccurate. KM-T returned with its starboard outer engine on fire which was probably caused by flak damage.

 

Bob Routledge's Log Book notes "Starboard outer feathered after fire. Returned on 3 engines" - Bob Routledge's Log Book.

 

ORB

 

 

27 May 1944 - Morsalines

 

Attack on coastal gun batteries on the Cherbourg peninsula, very close to the D-Day landing sites.

 

ORB

 

 

31 May 1944 - Maisy - not attacked

 

An attack on the coastal gun battery at Maisy was abandoned when it was found to be covered by cloud.

 

ORB

 

 

2 June 1944 - Wimereux - not attacked

 

Attack on coastal gun batteries. Ordered not to attack when over target.

 

ORB

 

 

16 June 1944 - Beauvoir

 

Attack on V1 flying bomb supply site

 

ORB

 

 

21 June 1944 - Wesseling

 

Attack on the synthetic oil plant at Wesseling. German night fighters made contact with the bomber force and 37 Lancasters were lost, a casualty rate of 27.8% of the Lancaster force. 44 Squadron lost 6 aircraft. Despite all this KM-T seems to have had an uneventful trip.

 

ORB

 

 

In contrast, the commander of "B" flight, S/Ldr Cockbain, was almost the 7th 44 Squadron aircraft lost that night, as detailed in the ORB below.

 

S/Ldr Cockbain's night was a close shave

 

 

24 June 1944 - Pommeréval

 

Attack on V1 flying bomb site Sgt Wainwright promoted to F/Sgt Wainwright.

 

ORB

 

 

27 June 1944 - Marquise

 

Attack on V1 flying bomb site.

 

The aircraft was diverted to RAF Wescott, in Buckinghamshire on return - Bob Routledge's Log Book.

ORB

 

 

4 July 1944 - St Leu d'Esserant

 

See a detailed description of this raid here. KM-T was shot down by a night fighter with the loss of six of the eight crew on its way home.

 

Bob Routledge's Log Book notes "Missing" in someone else's handwriting. It seems likely that this was written before someone realised he was not on board KM-T that night (Bob Routledge's Log Book). The 44 Squadron records still show as Bob being on the aircraft, as can be seen below.

 

ORB - Missing without trace

 

The remaining operations flown by Bob Routledge to complete his tour of 30 operations are detailed in his own story.

 

The last mention of the crewmen that went missing on the 4th/5th July 1944 in the Squadron ORB is them being posted to WCAD, Uxbridge. This is the War Casualty Accounts Department.

 

ORB - Posted out to WCAD

 

 

 

 

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